Sadeh is a celebration in Iran,
but from the Zoroastrian era (monotheistic pre-Islamic religion of ancient Persia) which marks the hundred days until spring time, celebrated January 29th
that dates back to the Achaemenid Empire.
The symbol of this winter celebration is fire,
with a mythology of how the 2nd King found the knowledge of making fire. Legend has it, when being startled by a snake, his flint axe struck stone and the first spark was created.
In ancient celebrations a great fire was lit,
which often required people to prepare for days preceding the festival by collecting firewood. On the celebration itself, the fire would be lit and maintained through the night.
Members of the community
would take a piece of the Great Fire and bring it back to their own hearths to bless their households. A piece would also be brought to the temple to be kept throughout the year as “The Eternal Flame,” a symbol for the love of the homeland.